Nigeria Poultry and Livestock Industry
Review in Brief
Nigeria is one of the largest countries in Africa, with a total geographical area of 923,768 square kilometers. Its estimated population was 174.5 million people in 2013, and its population growth rate is 3% per annul. Nigerian economic statistics reveal annual economic growth rates that averaged over 7% in recent decades, making Nigeria one of the fastest growing economies in the world. In contrast to the rapid population growth in Nigeria, food production has not followed suit over the last 50 years.
Livestock: 25% of the agricultural GDP is the Livestock sub sector contribution. 25 million people is the estimated commercial poultry employment, while about 85 million are in rural family poultry, managing assets of about N320 billion. N80 billions the estimated commercial value of the Livestock industry.
Poultry: To promote the local industry Nigeria banned poultry imports, which has led to the creation of millions of jobs to the poultry & related industry. So there is a huge demand for technical know-how and poultry & livestock equipment & machineries. Much more in need is low cost feed.
Nigeria has the largest annual egg production and second largest chicken population in Africa.
The Nigerian poultry industry comprises about 180 M birds.
Of these, 80 M chickens are raised in extensive systems, 60 M in semi-intensive, and the remaining 40 M in intensive systems.
Poultry production in Nigeria amounts up to 300 Mt of meat and 650 Mt eggs per year.
About 85 M Nigerians are involved in poultry production (many on a small to medium scale).
Dairy: Nigeria spends an estimated amount of $1.3 billion on the importation of dairy products and now, the government’s target is to double the milk production over the next three to four years in order to meet up with domestic consumption and export. With a population higher than 180 million people, the country is currently going through low local milk production, while importing more than 70 percent of its dairy products. An average cow in Nigeria is said to produce 1 kg of milk a day, showing there is a long way to go before reaching self-sufficiency. The government has identified that what is required, amongst other things, is a more formal ranching system to improve processes, yield and quality, to extract higher value.
On the other hand, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has enacted various policies and organized program to increase poultry and livestock to target local market and export markets. Besides the Ministry, there are other Government department regulate the consumption of poultry and livestock products, such as National Agency of Food And Drug Control, (NAFDAC) others are Veterinary Council of Nigeria, Nigeria Veterinary Medical Association, etc. Apart from this, there are associations playing a major role in the development of poultry and livestock industry. Such as: Poultry Association of Nigeria (PAN), Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN), Fishery Association of Nigeria (FISON) Catfish Breeder Association of Nigeria, Goat and Sheep Association of Nigeria, Cattle Breeder Association of Nigeria, MIYYATI, Pig Breeder Association of Nigeria, etc. In view of this, Nigeria displaying big potential in consumption of meat & meat products in domestic markets and target for exports than any other countries in West Africa. In order to facilitate for advance poultry and livestock technology to support this current status, Nigeria poultry and livestock need a productive platform for all stakeholders to share knowledge and display latest technology.
The NIPOLI EXPO 2024, is a not-to-be-missed event for professionals in the poultry and livestock industry. This expo offers a unique opportunity to showcase the latest innovations, technology, and trends in the sector.